Another infectious disease, Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome has been discovered in East China’s Jiangsu Province.
The virus, which has killed seven people and infected 60 others in China, virologists have warned, has the possibility of human-to-human transmission.
STFS is caused by the novel bunyavirus and is reportedly spread by ticks.
According to Global Times, as of July, the infection was reported to have killed five people in Lu’an in East China’s Anhui Province, while 23 others were hospitalised in Jinzhai County since April.
Also, four deaths from the viral infection were reported in Qingdao in East China’s Shandong Province.
A woman from Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu, who suffered from the virus, was said to have shown the onset of symptoms like fever, cough. Doctors found a decline of leukocyte, blood platelet inside her body, but she recovered and was discharged after a month.
A woman from Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu, who suffered from the virus showed onset of symptoms such as fever, coughing. Doctors found a decline of leukocyte, blood platelet inside of her body. After a month of treatment, she was discharged from the hospital.
Previously, it was reported that the virus can be transmitted from infected animals or people to others via blood, respiratory tract, and wounds. However, Sheng Jifang, an expert on the novel bunyavirus and director of the infectious disease department with the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, said that a patient who was infected with the novel bunyavirus three years ago and later died had infected 16 people who had contact with the patient’s dead body as the patient had bleeding due to severe infection. One of those people also died later, Global Times reported.
The novel bunyavirus was first discovered in 2009, in Central China’s Henan, and East China’s Anhui provinces. China isolated the pathogen of the virus in 2011.
The viral infection, according to virologists has a fatality rate of 1 to 5 per cent. Old people are more likely to get sick and die due to the virus.
They noted there is presently no vaccine or medication to target the infection specifically, and warned people to follow precautions and get treatment as soon as they are infected with the virus.
The early symptoms of the infection are fatigue, fever, and sometimes rashes. STFS can cause clinical symptoms such as low platelets and white blood cells, and multi-organ dysfunction or even failure.
So far, the transmission of the virus has only been reported through tick bites.
Ticks are also very commonly found in pets like dogs and cats. Tick bites are caused when these insects bite the skin.
While tick bites are usually harmless and do not show any symptoms either, they may carry and transmit certain diseases and infections that are deadly, like Lyme disease,
According to Centres for Disease and Prevention, Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States and is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi.
It is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected black-legged ticks.
Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans. If left untreated, the infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system